London, England, United Kingdom is served by six international airports and a few smaller airports. Together, they make the busiest airport system in globally by passenger numbers and the second-busiest by aeroplane movements.
The London airports handle over 60% of all the United Kingdom air traffic. The airports serve a total of 396 international destinations and 14 domestic destinations.
London Heathrow Airport (LHR)
Heathrow Airport (LHR): Situated in the London Borough of Hillingdon, is by far the largest of London’s airports and thought the main gateway into the United Kingdom for non-European visitors. Heathrow has four terminals and two equal runways. Because of the area in London’s western rural areas, Heathrow experiences experienced issues attempting to extend, with different extension projects being cancelled. As a result the airport reliably runs at more than 99% capacity and is frequently remembered for arrangements of the most noticeably terrible evaluated air terminals in the world.
The airport is connected to Great Britain’s motorway network via the M4 and M25 motorways, to London Paddington station by Heathrow Express and TfL Rail trains and to other Central London destinations by London Underground trains on the Piccadilly line.
Heathrow serves six continents around the world and is the base for the flag carrier British Airways in Terminal 5. While it additionally serves short-haul flights, Heathrow is London’s long-distance hub and is the most famous appearance point for departures from the United States of America (counting New York–JFK). However, because it is operating at capacity, Heathrow has neglected to increase service to cities in recently industrialized nations like China, falling behind European bases like Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Frankfurt and Amsterdam.
London Gatwick Airport (LGW)
London Gatwick Airport (LGW): Situated in West Sussex, is the second-busiest airport in the United Kingdom, the eighth-busiest in Europe, and the second-busiest single-runway airport in the world. Gatwick Airport, also known as London Gatwick, is a major international airport near Crawley, West Sussex, England, 29.5 miles south of Central London. It handles trips to a greater number of destinations than some other UK airport and is the primary base of EasyJet, the United Kingdom’s largest airline by the number of passengers. Also utilizing it as a base are British Airways, TUI Airways and Norwegian Air Shuttle.
The airport consists of two terminals, North and South, is connected to the motorway network via the M23 and has its own railway station, with Southern and Thameslink trains serving London Victoria and London Bridge stations separately just as there is a devoted Gatwick Express transport to and from London Victoria.
It is the second-busiest airport by total passenger traffic in the UK, after Heathrow Airport. Gatwick is the tenth-busiest airport in Europe.
London City Airport (LCY)
London City Airport is an international airport in London, England. Situated in the London Borough of Newham, London’s Docklands in the London Borough of Newham, and is the nearest to central London; approximately 7 miles east of the City of London and a shorter distance east of Canary Wharf. which restricts its size the airport has a solitary runway, which is exceptionally short.
Therefore, no enormous aeroplanes are allowed to utilize the airport, which at first forestalled all long-haul flights.
Found just four miles from Canary Wharf, London City Airport is frequently utilized by business travellers, with numerous flights serving destinations across the United Kingdom and northern Europe. The airport can’t be extended because of the docks on either side. It is additionally the solitary airport serving London which doesn’t operate at night.
Until the extension of the Docklands Light Railway in 2006, City Airport had poor public transport connections to London.
Light rail service from London City Airport DLR station, which abuts the terminal structure of London City Airport, joins it to the financial district of the City of London at Bank and Monument stations, which offer interchanges with the London Underground.
Southend Airport London (SEN)
Located in Essex, Southend Airport expanded commercial air transport operations to destinations in Ireland in 2011, and to Europe in 2012 when easyJet commenced operations using the brand new terminal and railway station. London Southend Airport is an international airport situated on the outskirts of Southend-on-Sea in Essex, England, approximately 36 miles from the centre of London.
Southend claims it only takes 15 minutes to get through arrivals from plane to train with hand luggage. It was once the third busiest airport in the United Kingdom. The airport straddles the boundaries between the borough of Southend-on-Sea and the Rochford District.
London Stansted Airport (STN)
London Stansted Airport is an international airport located in Stansted Mountfitchet, Essex, England, 42 mi northeast of Central London: Being the fourth busiest in the United Kingdom, behind Manchester Airport, 26th busiest in Europe, and is one of the primary operational bases for Europe’s largest low-cost carrier, Ryanair. London Stansted serves over 160 destinations across Europe, Asia and Africa.
Stansted destinations are largely in Europe, however, in the past, it has served destinations further afield, like Kuala Lumpur. It is the home of Harrods Aviation, allowing VIP aircraft to land there, such as Air Force One carrying the President of the United States, Barack Obama, in 2009 and also 2016.
Luton Airport London (LTN)
London Luton Airport, previously called Luton International Airport, is an international airport located on the Bedfordshire / Hertfordshire border; 1.5 miles east of Luton town centre in England, and is 28 miles north of Central London.
Luton Airport (LTN) is London’s fourth-largest airport but the closest to the capital after Heathrow and City airports, it is the fifth busiest in the United Kingdom, and the 42nd busiest in Europe. It is the headquarters of the low-cost carriers EasyJet, Thomson and Monarch and is a focus airport for other no-frills airlines.